On March 2, 2022, Frank Porter Hungate, the 103-year-old grandson of 1889 Constitutional Convention delegate James Allen Hungate, visited Washington State Archives’ headquarters in Olympia to view the original 1889 Washington State Constitution.

The original State Constitution is kept in a secure vault and — save for exclusive viewings and ceremonies (such as an anniversary of statehood or Constitution Days) — is not available for public viewing. Yet the opportunity for Frank to see his grandfather’s signature and further his family’s legacy not only served as a conduit to Washington’s past but offered a rare glimpse at a man who helped advance Washington’s path to statehood. James Allen Hungate’s story is unique, and Frank’s visit brought it full circle.

James Allen Hungate, a Democrat and farmer from Pullman, worked alongside his fellow delegates through the summer of 1889 to draft a constitution that would form the basis for all future laws enacted in the state of Washington.

Composite image of the delegates for the 1889 Constitutional Convention in Olympia, Washington. James Allen Hungate is No. 6, top row, fifth from left. (Source: Washington State Archives)

On Aug. 22, 1889, the convention concluded its work. However, Hungate had to return to his farm before the document was completed. As a result, he was unable to affix his signature.

In 1931 — 42 years after ratification — a belated signing was authorized by resolution of the State House of Representatives and State Senate, and permitted by Washington Secretary of State Jay Hinkle.

James Allen Hungate, 1889 Constitutional Convention delegate, signs the original Washington State Constitution in 1931. Standing to his right is Secretary of State Jay Hinkle; to his left is his wife, Elizabeth Hungate. (Source: Washington State Archives)

Fast-forward to 2017, Nicholas Boyle, Hungate’s great-great grandson, came to Olympia to see the original 1889 Washington State Constitution. Read our blog post about that visit.

Five years later, Frank Porter Hungate came to view the historical document that has been a part of his family’s legacy, and Washington state’s history, for 133 years. Joining him was Secretary of State Steve Hobbs to witness the event, much like Secretary Hinkle when the latter hosted James Allen Hungate 91 years ago.

Washington Secretary of State Steve Hobbs (left) pointing to a page of the original Washington State Constitution with Frank Porter Hungate.
Washington Secretary of State Steve Hobbs (left) and Frank Porter Hungate with the original Washington State Constitution. Their pose closely mirrors that of Sec. Hinkle and James Allen Hungate in the portrait behind them. (Source: Office of the Secretary of State)

“I am grateful for this opportunity to meet with Mr. Hungate and learn more about his family’s history and that of our state as well,” said Secretary Hobbs. “As a native Washingtonian who holds dear the words of our State Constitution, I am honored to see this historical document in person.”

“Washington State Archives is a treasure trove of historical documents and photos that tell the story of our state,” said Terry Badger, Acting State Archives Director. “We enjoy meeting people who have a deep connection with Washington’s history and are dedicated to keeping it alive for future generations.” 

About the Washington State Constitution

The Washington State Constitution — the plan for operating Washington state government, and which describes the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) and defines the rights of the people — was framed by a convention of 75 delegates, chosen by the people of the Territory of Washington at an election held May 14, 1889, under section 3 of the Enabling Act. The convention met in Olympia July 4, 1889, and adjourned Aug. 22, 1889.

The State Constitution was ratified by the people at an election held Oct. 1, 1889. On Nov. 11, 1889, in accordance with section 8 of the Enabling Act, the president of the United States proclaimed the admission of the state of Washington into the Union.

The State Constitution is maintained online by the Washington State Legislature. It can be viewed at More information is available at and

Pg. 1 of the Constitution of the State of Washington. (Source: Office of the Secretary of State)
Comments are closed.