Located by the world’s largest ocean and the Pacific Rim, Washington has a long history of shipping and shipbuilding.
Washington probably has had shipbuilders since its territorial days and these cool State Archives photos show images from early in the last century. These shots feature a Vancouver shipyard around 1920. They are the second of three Archives Treasure for August; a reader poll will appear after the third blog appears. Watch for it.
Benton is third in a series covering Washington’s 39 counties, including how they got their names.
In southcentral Washington where the Columbia, Snake, and Yakima rivers converge, sits Benton County.
Benton covers 1,738 square miles, designating it as Washington’s 21st largest county. Although it’s not particularly big, it’s population is 186,486 people, giving it a density of 103 people per square mile. This is slightly higher than the state average of 101.2, and is the 9th highest among Washington’s counties. Benton has several large cities including Kennewick and Richland, where most of its residents live. The county seat is Prosser.
Benton County’s name is steeped in American history. Formed in 1905 from eastern portions of Yakima and Klickitat counties, it was named after Missouri Senator Thomas Hart Benton. Senator Benton was a major proponent of westward expansion, otherwise known as Manifest Destiny. He wrote the first of the Homestead Acts, encouraging pioneers to move West and settle lands. Along with being an American expansionist, he fervently opposed paper money, earning him the nickname “Old Bullion.” Benton advocated the gold standard and thought paper money created inequality and favored the wealthy.
Benton County’s name is not its only claim to historical significance. In fact, the entire course of human history was changed by what came out of a small town within Benton’s borders. In 1943, only 38 years after its creation, World War II visited Benton County in the form of the Manhattan Project.
In order to make atomic weapons, the Manhattan Project produced the plutonium. The Hanford Site, a massive complex, was built in 1943 along the banks of the Columbia. The plutonium manufactured in Hanford was used in the Trinity test bomb, as well as the bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. To this day, Benton has a strong heritage of technology due to World War II, but it continues to be a strong agricultural producer as well.
Asotin is second in a series covering Washington’s 39 counties, including how they got their names.
Nestled in the reaches of Washington’s far southeastern corner is Asotin County (pronounced uh-SOH-tin). It is colloquially referred to as Washington’s “cornerstone.” Asotin, a word derived from the Nez Perce Indian language (originally Has-Hu-Tin), translates into English as, “eel creek.” This title refers to the eels that are ubiquitous in the waterways in and around Asotin County, including the Snake River.
Before the arrival of the pioneers, Asotin County was home to a large Nez Perce winter encampment. The climate of Southeastern Washington was amenable for the Nez Perce, and they held large pow-wows on the banks of the Snake. There was always plentiful food available from both the rivers and hunting.
Asotin County is geographically small compared to some of Washington’s other counties, encompassing only 636 square miles. This designates it as 35th in size out of Washington’s 39 counties. As for population, Asotin has about 22,000 residents, which gives the county a rural feel. For some perspective, the population density of Asotin County is 34 people per square mile, compared the state average of 101 people per square mile.
Asotin County has two main cities within its borders, Asotin, which is the county seat, and Clarkston, its largest city.
All three sponsors have several resources that can provide great material to use in the zines created by contestants.
The State Library has many online resources that include books, maps, newspapers and photos. You can also find featured images from these digital collections on their Pinterest and Flickr pages. You also can visit the library to see some resources in person. The State Archives has an extensive print collection, as well as many images at its Digital Archives. You can also visit the Timberland libraries to explore their NW Reference Collection, Zine Collection and Zine Resource Collection.
This month’s Archives Treasure goes to the Crosby Store ledger from 1859, with honorable mentions for the picture of the 1990 “Steel Magnolias” photo and an 1857 map of Western Washington Territory.
The ledger details the day-to-day transactions of the Crosby Store in Tumwater back in territorial days. The store was located on Reserve Street (now Deschutes Way). It was a general-merchandise emporium and important Tumwater fixture, operated by a settler named Nathaniel Crosby III.
The ledger was the last of the three March Archives Treasures, which showcases many of the rare and interesting items and collections found in our State Archives.
It’s time for March Madness, State Archives style. Over the past few days, we’ve featured three items or collections in our monthly Archives Treasures series. Now it’s time for you choose your fave.
The three contestants are an 1857 map of the western half of Washington Territory, 1990 photos of a group of female state representatives known as the “Steel Magnolias,” and the 1859-1860 ledger of the Crosby Store in Tumwater.
The online poll is open below. You have until Wednesday at 5 p.m. to choose your favorite. Don’t forget to vote!
Palouse Clerk-Treasurer Mike Bagott (left) hands a very old volume of Palouse City Council minutes to Lee Pierce, an employee with the Washington State Archives. (Photo courtesy of Washington State Archives)
Between 1914 and 1920, the town fathers of Palouse, a small Whitman County community near the Idaho border and north of Pullman, kept careful minutes of the meetings of their city council. With elegant strokes of an ink pen, they wrote down the official business of their town in a leather-bound ledger.
These were years of prosperity and growth for the wheat-farming towns of Eastern Washington. Issues before the council included extending sidewalks and paving roads, regulating the grazing of cattle within the city (the park was placed off-limits for such purposes in 1919), and quarantining smallpox sufferers. In April 1917, a special session of the council passed an emergency regulation allowing farmers to plant crops in lesser-used city streets “by reason of the fact that our nation has been drawn into the World War.” A 1919 order closed all schools and theaters to limit the spread of influenza.
When the volume of the meeting minutes was filled, in the spring of 1920, it was put on a shelf next to earlier volumes. And then, at some point, it disappeared.
Last month, the City of Palouse received a phone call. A woman living in Wichita, Kansas, DonaMarie Goldsmith, was going through the possessions of a departed relative and found something interesting–an old ledger book from Palouse. How the ledger had ever ended up in her relative’s estate was a mystery, Goldsmith said. The departed had no connection to Palouse and was neither a collector nor a historian. Would the city like it back? A week later, the ledger was in Palouse again for the first time in at least 60 years.
Over the past week, we’ve blogged about our three Archives Treasures for February: 1) Photos from the 1969 Black Panther protests at the Capitol; 2) 1976 photos of orcas being captured in Budd Bay near Olympia; and 3) A Colt handgun owned by Hazard Stevens, son of territorial Gov. Isaac Stevens.
Now it’s time to pick your favorite. Please vote for your Archives treasure below. We’ll leave our poll open until this Friday at 4 p.m. Happy voting!
Starting this week, we’ll do a monthly feature on three of the many rare, unique or interesting items, maps and collections found in the State Library. After we show them off, you and others can vote in our online poll by choosing the State Library “contestant” you like best. After a few days, we’ll announce the January winner.
The first contestant is this 1924 road map from the State Highway Department. It shows the primary and secondary state highways that were to be completed by 1936. The map indicates there were 1,710 paved miles of highway in Washington, and another 1,400 miles that were gravel. Not a good time to be a windshield!
Long before Interstate 5 was built, the main north-south highway from Bellingham south to Vancouver was Highway 99. On this map, it’s Highway “No. 1.” And yes, there is such a place called “Forest” a few miles south of Chehalis.
This map shows that Highway “No. 2” made it possible to drive from Seattle to Spokane long before I-90 was built. Note that No. 2 generally follows a route from Seattle to Cle Elum that’s similar to where I-90 snakes along today. But then No. 2 heads north toward Leavenworth, providing a precursor to where highways 970 and 97 travel today. From the Leavenworth area, No. 2 basically follows the same path as U.S. Highway 2 currently takes to reach Spokane, except that portions of it are no longer gravel, as it was back then.
(We originally ran the blog series in 2012. Due to its popularity, we’re bringing it back for an encore performance!)
Nowadays, we have opinion polls on just about everything. Not wanting to miss the poll train, we’re offering you a chance to sound off on some of our State Archives’ many interesting documents, collections, photos and other historical gems.
Starting this month, we’re featuring various “Archives Treasures.” Over the past few days, we’ve showcased three of these treasures for viewing. The first “contestant” is the state boxing license applications submitted by heavyweight legends Muhammad Ali and George Foreman. The second is one of the photos showing the construction of the Legislative Building. And the third is the territorial seal created in the 1850s.
Now it’s up to you. Please vote for your favorite Archives Treasure below. We’ll leave our poll open until next Thursday and then we’ll announce the winner next Friday!