Volume 13, April 13, 2017 for the WSL Updates mailing list
April 12th, 2017 Will Stuivenga Posted in Digital Collections, Federal and State Publications, For Libraries, For the Public, Grants and Funding, News, State Library Collections, Training and Continuing Education, Updates Comments Off on WSL Updates for April 13, 2017
Volume 13, April 13, 2017 for the WSL Updates mailing list
April 10th, 2017 Rand Simmons Posted in Articles, Digital Collections, Federal and State Publications, For Libraries, For the Public Comments Off on Lights, Signals, Buoys, and Daymarks — Our Rich Heritage
A lighthouse is … Although we often think of a tower with a bright light at the top, located on an important or dangerous waterway, lighthouses are quite varied in architecture. They had, and still have, two main purposes — to serve as navigational aids and to warn ships of dangerous areas.
Historical record tell us that one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, Pharos located in Alexandria, Egypt, was the first lighthouse recorded in history, built around 280 BC and as tall as a 45-story building. An open fire at the top of the tower was the source of light.
Following Independence from England, the newly formed U.S. Congress created the Lighthouse Establishment as an administrative unit of the federal government on 7 August 1789.
Benjamin Franklin, a United States founding father, is sometimes attributed with having said, “Lighthouses are more useful than churches.”
What Franklin actually wrote to his wife after narrowly escaping a shipwreck was, “The bell ringing for church, we went thither immediately, and with hearts full of gratitude, returned sincere thanks to God for the mercies we had received: were I a Roman Catholic, perhaps I should on this occasion vow to build a chapel to some saint, but as I am not, if I were to vow at all, it should be to build a light-house.”
My own fascination with lighthouses began when as a child our family took short trips to the middle and southern Oregon coasts. We visited lighthouses on the Coquille River in Bandon; Umpqua River in Reedsport; and later, as an adult I explored the Yaquina Bay lighthouse in Newport.
So, recently when grubbing about among the State Library’s shelves of historic federal publications and coming across Light List Pacific Coast, United States, 1933 I naturally began leafing through the Oregon and Washington sections to see how many lighthouses I recognized.
“The Aids to Navigation mission of the U. S. Coast Guard has a history dating back to the building and illumination of the first American lighthouse on Little Brewster Island in Boston Harbor in 1716. At first, because of the indifference of England, local or colonial governments had to shoulder the responsibility of making the waters safe for mariners.” Hence, the founding of the Lighthouse Establishment created by the U.S. Congress of the United States in 1789. Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury, was its first administrator.
The first federal agency formally charged with responsibility for lighthouses was the Treasury Department.
With each organizational shift the Light List continued to be published.
Currently, the Light List is published in 7 volumes each reflecting one of seven regions. The Pacific and Pacific Islands volume includes the eleventh (California, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona), thirteenth (Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana), fourteenth (Hawaii), and seventeenth (Alaska) districts. It contains a lists of lights, sound signals, buoys, day beacons, and other aids to navigation. As it has been from the beginning of The Light List, it is published by the Government Publishing Office, the official publisher of the federal government. Learn more.
Light List is available online: Pacific Coast and Pacific Islands. Contemporary issues may be available either in print or microfiche and since 2002 they have been distributed to federal depository libraries (like us) only in microfiche. Check with the State Library’s public services staff if you need assistance.
There are eighteen active lighthouses in the state, one of which serves as a museum. In addition, three are standing but inactive (one of these is now a museum), three were supplanted by automated towers, and two have been completely demolished. The Cape Disappointment Light was the first lighthouse in the state (lit in 1856) and is still active. It sits where the Columbia River meets the Pacific Ocean following its 1,243 mile journey.
Click on a Washington lighthouse name for information about it
|Admiralty Head||Alki Point||Browns Point|
|Burrows Island||Bush Point||Cape Disappointment|
|Cape Flattery||Cattle Point||Destruction Island|
|Dofflemeyer Point||Ediz Hook||Gig Harbor|
|Grays Harbor (Westport)||Lightship Swiftsure LV 83/WAL 513||Lime Kiln|
|Marrowstone Point||Mukilteo||New Dungeness|
|North Head||Patos Island||Point No Point|
|Point Robinson||Point Wilson||Skunk Bay|
|Slip Point||Turn Point||West Point|
A list of Washington State lighthouses can also be found at “Historic Light Station Information & Photography.” on the U.S. Coast Guard Historian’s Office web site.
The history includes both active and deactivated lighthouses. Some entries point to photographs.
The Washington State Library’s Washington Rural Heritage is a collaborative project that facilitates sharing of local history materials from libraries, museums, and private collections of citizens across Washington State. To date one hundred twenty-nine cultural institutions have participated in the project.
The Orcas Island Heritage Collection was a collaboration of the Orcas Island Public Library Orcas Island Historical Museum. One of the interesting stories in the collection is about the Pole Pass Light. Search the collection and you will find 19 entries.
“Pole Pass, is a narrow rocky pass in Deer Harbor between Orcas and Crane islands. In the late 1800s and early 1900s steamboats hired someone to hold a light if they had to go through at night. Finally about 1940 a permanent light was constructed.”
“Watching the blinkers on a dark night brings back many memories to the old settlers still living near Pole pass. They recall shipwrecks in the old days and have a warm place in their hearts at the thoughtfulness of the lightkeepers through the years. They are glad, too, for the progress that brings new lights as they are needed.”
Irene Barfoot O’Neill, daughter of the light keeper on Obstruction Island provides insight into life in a lighthouse:
“All of these lights were fueled by kerosene (coal oil). If the flame was not carefully adjusted, the chimney would be smoked and the light not seen clearly, thus endangering the lives of those traveling on the boats which depended upon the light being visible for the required distance.
The lamp itself was much the same as an ordinary household lamp and chimney, but the outer glass protection globe was thick because of the magnification in the manufacturing process. As I remember, the round globes were about 10″ high by 8″ in diameter. The oil tank held enough to last seven days, requiring a trip once a week to refill the tank and clean the lamps. If a storm seemed imminent, father wouldn’t wait, especially in winter.
The only weather forecasting was done by reading the sky and cloud formations. Of course, the wind and tides were a consideration, as the only power was by oars or perhaps a sail …
The pay for this work wasn’t generous, but many times the $13.00 per month pay was our only cash income.
One of the highlights of our year was the semiannual visit of the lighthouse tender “Heather”, which brought oil, towels, extra chimneys, and other supplies which were stored on an 8′ by 8′ white-painted “oil house” near the beach. Oil came in wooden cases, with two five-gallon tins in each. When empty, these sturdy boxes and tins served many uses around the farm. With the top cut off and the sharp edges neatly hammered down, two of these tins sat of the back of our wood stove as a supply of hot water for dishes or whatever.”
Some lighthouses have become the property of and are managed by Washington State Parks:
In honor of National Lighthouse Day, August 7, 2016, Washington State Parks posted an article to their blog:
The Washington State Library is the depository of state agency publications published in many different formats. Publications from 1889 onward provide current and historical information about State government. They are a resource for research into Washington’s past and they are a cornerstone for Washington’s future. The State Library also maintains a system of depository libraries geographically spread across the state.
McCroskey, Lauren. Washington State Parks Historic Properties Condition Assessment Phase Ii: Eastern Region. Olympia, Wash.: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, 2000. Print: WA 719.3 P231was s23 2000.
Conconully State Park; Dalles Mountain Ranch, Horsethief Lake State Park; Northrup Canyon, Steamboat Rock State Park; Ohme Gardens State Park; Olmstead Place Park; Fort Simcoe State Park; Riverside State Park.
McCroskey, Lauren. Washington State Parks Historic Properties Condition Assessment Phase Ii: Northwest Region. Olympia, Wash.: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, 2000. Print: WA 719.3 P231was s22 2000.
Burrows Island lighthouse; Fort Casey State Park; Cowan Ranch, Hoko River State Park; Fort Flagler State Park; Lime Kiln Point State Park; Old Fort Townsend State Park; Patos Island lighthouse; Point Wilson lighthouse, Fort Worden State Park; O’Brien-Riggs property, Rockport State Park; Rothschild house. Burrows Island lighthouse; Fort Casey State Park; Cowan Ranch, Hoko River State Park; Fort Flagler State Park; Lime Kiln Point State Park; Old Fort Townsend State Park; Patos Island lighthouse; Point Wilson lighthouse, Fort Worden State Park; O’Brien-Riggs property, Rockport State Park; Rothschild house.
McCroskey, Lauren. Washington State Parks Historic Properties Condition Assessment Phase Ii: Southwest Region. Olympia, Wash.: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, 2000. Print: WA 719.3 P231was s28 2000.
Battleground Lake State Park; Fort Canby State Park; Fort Columbia State Park; Grays Harbor State Park; Pe Ell Section House; Siminiski House; Rainbow Falls State Park.
McCroskey, Lauren. Washington State Parks Historic Properties Condition Assessment Phase Ii: Technical Specifications & Technical Drawings. Olympia, Wash.: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, 2000. Print: WA 719.3 P231was s24 2000.
North Head Lighthouse: Established 1898. Olympia, WA: Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission, 2000. Print: WA 719.3 P231nor h 2012.
The State Library preserves and provides access to a comprehensive collection of information on the geographic area we now know as Washington State and the other identified regions of the Pacific Northwest: Oregon, Idaho, and Western Montana. The collection also contains works on Alaska, British Columbia and the Yukon Territory to reflect our shared histories.
Aliberti, Ray. Lighthouses Northwest: The Designs of Carl Leick. Coupeville, Wa. (P.O. Box 827, Coupeville 98239-0827): Aliberti, 2000. Print: NW 387.155 ALIBERT 2000; Historic Research and Rare Collection copies available for in-library use only.
Bache, Hartman. Early West Coast Lighthouses: Eight Drawings and Paintings. San Francisco: Book Club of California, 1964. Print: Historic Research and Rare Collection copies for in library use only.
Ehlers, Chad, and Jim Gibbs. Sentinels of Solitude: West Coast Lighthouses. San Luis Obispo, CA: EZ Nature Books, 1989. Print: R 387.155 EHLERS 1981, in-library use only.
Groth, Karen N. Westport’s Masterpiece: Building the Grays Harbor Lighthouse, 1897-98. Portland, Or: Nicholson Press, 2010. Print: NW 387.155 GROTH 2010; Historic Research copy available for in-library use only.
Hanable, William S. Lighthouses and Lifesaving on Washington’s Outer Coast: 15 Historic Postcards. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub, 2009. Print: NW 387.155 HANABLE 2009; Historic Research copy available for in-library use only.
Leffingwell, Randy, and Pamela Welty. Lighthouses of the Pacific Coast: Your Guide to the Lighthouses of California, Oregon, and Washington. Minneapolis: Voyageur Press, 2010. Print: NW 387.155 LEFFING 2000; Historic Research copy available for in-library use only.
Lighthouses of the Northwest. Howes Cave, N.Y: Hartnett House Map Publishers, 2005. Print: NW 387.155 HARTNET 2000; Historic Research copy available for in-library use only.
Lucero, Donella J, and Nancy L. Hobbs. Guardian of the Columbia River: Cape Disappointment Lighthouse, 1856-2006. Long Beach, Wash.?: Willapa Communications, 2006. Print: NW 387.155 LUCERO 2006; Historic Research copy available for in-library use only.
Lucero, Donella J, and Nancy L. Hobbs. North Head Lighthouse. Long Beach, Wash.?: Willapa Communications, 2006. Print: NW 387.155 LUCERO 2006; Historic Research copy available for in-library use only.
McCurdy, James G. Cape Flattery and Its Light: Life on Tatoosh Island. Seattle: Shorey Book Store, 1966. Print: R OVERSIZ 387.155 MCCURDY 1966 in-library use only.
McDaniel, Nancy L. A Sound Defense: Military Sites, Lighthouses, and Memorials of Puget Sound. Chimacum, Wash: Nancy L. McDaniel, 2013. Print: NW 917.9704 MCDANIE 2013; Historic Research copy available for in-library use only.
Nelson, Sharlene P. Umbrella Guide to Washington Lighthouses. Friday Harbor, WA (PO Box 1460, Friday Harbor 98250-1460): Umbrella Books, 1990. Print: NW 387.155 NELSON 1990; Historic Research copy available for in-library use only.
Roberts, Bruce, and Ray Jones. Lighthouses of Washington: A Guidebook and Keepsake. Guilford, Conn: Insiders’ Guide, 2006. Print: NW 387.155 ROBERTS 2006
Roberts, Bruce, and Ray Jones. Pacific Northwest Lighthouses: Oregon to the Aleutians. Old Saybrook, Conn: Globe Pequot Press, 1997. Print: NW 387.155 ROBERTS 1997; In-library use only copy also available.
Survey Correspondence, Washington Territory: Records of the Bureau of Land Management. Washington? D.C.: The Bureau?, 1980. Microfilm: NW MICRO 333.16 SURVEY 188-?, 2 reels, for in-library use only.
Washington Lighthouses: Photographic Essay. Tacoma, WA: Smith-Western Co, 2000. Print: R 387.155 WASHING 200-?, in-library use only.
“Washington Secretary of State – Legacy Washington – Washington History: Historical Maps Detail.” Washington Secretary of State – Legacy Washington – Washington History: Historical Maps Detail, U.S. Corp of Engineers, 1881, www.sos.wa.gov/legacy/maps/maps_detail.aspx?m=22. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
In print: Symons, T. W. (Thomas William), 1849-1920. [Washington, D.C. : Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army], 1881. In library use only. Request ahead of time.
Symons, T. W. (Thomas William), 1849-1920. [Washington, D.C.] : Office of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army, 1885. In library use only. Request ahead of time.
Society, Saltwater People Historical. “Saltwater People Log, Saltwater People Historical Society, 6 Nov. 2013, http://bit.ly/2n4v1UE. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
Strobridge, Truman R. “CHRONOLOGY OF AIDS TO NAVIGATION.” Historic Light Stations, United State Coast Guard, 21 Dec. 2016, www.uscg.mil/history/articles/h_USLHSchron.asp. Accessed 6 Mar. 2017. Excellent chronology and list of resources.
“Lighthouses: FAQ.” Fact Monster from Information Please, Sandbox Networks, Inc., Publishing as Fact Monster., www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0800631.html. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
“List of Lighthouses in Washington.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 20 Mar. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_lighthouses_in_Washington. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
“Historic Light Station Information & Photography.” Coast Guard Lighthouses, U.S. Coast Guard, www.uscg.mil/history/weblighthouses/LHWA.asp. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
Thiesen, William H. “Coast Guard Lighthouses and the History of the ‘Flying Santa.” The Retiree Newsletter, pp. 9–10, www.uscg.mil/hr/psc/retnews/2017/January17newsletter.pdf. Accessed 3 Apr. 2017.
“U. S. Coast Guard Monuments & Memorials .” Coast Guard Monuments & Memorials, US Coast Guard, www.uscg.mil/history/faqs/uscgmemorials.asp. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
How to purchase a lighthouse: “Coast Guard History.” USCG: Frequently Asked Questions, U.S. Coast Guard, Historian’s Office, www.uscg.mil/history/faqs/Lighthouse_Keepers.asp. Accessed 22 Mar. 2017.
How to become a lighthouse keeper: “Coast Guard History.” USCG: Frequently Asked Questions, U.S. Coast Guard, Historian’s Office, www.uscg.mil/history/faqs/Lighthouse_Keepers.asp. Accessed 22 Mar. 2017.
“Stay at a Washington Lighthouse.” Stay at a Washington Lighthouse, United States Lighthouse Society, www.stayatawashingtonlighthouse.org/. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017.
Need assistance finding state or federal publications? Contact our Ask a Librarian service.
The following State Library staff contributed to this article: Sean Lanksbury, Pacific Northwest and Special Collections Librarian, Evan Robb, Digital Repository Librarian; Nikki Chiampa, Digital Projects Librarian.
Volume 13, March 30, 2017 for the WSL Updates mailing list
1) LIBRARY SNAPSHOT DAY
2) FIRST TUESDAYS RAISES RELEVANCY
3) APPLY FOR PNLA LEADS
4) LIBRARY DEGREE PROGRAMS
5) CENSUS DATA WEBINAR SERIES
6) FREE CE OPPORTUNITIES NEXT WEEK
The 1970’s. Ugh! High gas prices, low mpg, and 55 mph speed limits! So what was going in Congress?
The U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO) just announced that in partnership with the Library of Congress the have released the digital version of the bound Congressional Record from 1971-1980. You can search it on GPO’s govinfo. This release covers debates and proceedings of the 92nd through the 96th Congresses.
The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873, and is still published today. Click here to learn more.
Issues dating from 1995 (beginning with the 104th Congress) are available online. Many federal depository libraries (like us) will have issues available in print. Current issues become available on Congress.gov shortly after they are published on GPO’s FDsys.
Need more information or assistance in finding congressional information? We love to help! You can reach us by clicking here.
In the year 2017 “Fake News” is on everyone’s lips and lately the news has been dominated by speculation that Russia intervened in the US election. As librarians we know to look for a reputable source and to verify information. Federal publications help keep the public informed. The Washington State Library is a federal depository library (Federal Depository Library Program, Government Publishing Office) and serves as the Regional Depository Library for the states of Washington and Alaska.
The latest from National Public Radio: “CIA Concludes Russian Interference Aimed To Elect Trump. The CIA has concluded that Russia intervened in the 2016 election specifically to help Donald Trump win the presidency, a U.S. official has confirmed to NPR. … Now they [the CIA] have come to the conclusion that Russia was trying to tip the election to Trump.” (Kelly, Mary Louise. “CIA Concludes Russian Interference Aimed to Elect Trump.” NPR – the two-way, 10 Dec. 2016, http://n.pr/2j20Ygk. Accessed 10 Jan. 2017.)
The media — television, radio, newspapers and social media — have been rife with stories like these. As the calendar rolls toward the Inauguration of Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States on January 20th the focus on Russian interference with the 2016 Presidential Election remains hot.
President Obama directed the CIA, the FBI and the National Security Agency to prepare a report on their findings regarding Russian cyber attacks during the 2016 election cycle. A highly redacted version was made public on January 6, 2017. If you would like to read the report you will find it at https://www.dni.gov/files/documents/ICA_2017_01.pdf.
For information assistance contact our Ask A Librarian staff.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. (2012). The naturalization test: Overview of requirements and available resources. Washington, D.C.?: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. Double-sided poster. Available at WSL: HS 8.2:T 28/2016; Also online: http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/gpo22600/M-685.pdf.
United States. (2016) Intelligence community legal reference book. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Office of General Counsel. Available at WSL: PREX 28.20:2016/SUM. Request ahead of visit.
U.S. Army Public Health Center (Provisional),. (2016). Healthy eating made easy: Save time and money in the kitchen. Available at WSL: D 101.6/5:H 34. Download the publication at: http://bit.ly/2fBcJa8
Kolakowski, C. L., & Center of Military History,. (2016). The Virginia camp[a]igns, March-August, 1862. Available at WSL: D 114.2:C 49/2/V 81; online: http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/gpo72995/cmhPub_75-5.pdf.
Library of Congress Magazine: Lcm. , 2012. Print. At WSL: LC 1.18:2016/5; online: http://www.loc.gov/lcm/pdf/LCM_2016_0910.pdf.
September/October 2016 issue features “Making of the Modern Map.”
United States. (2016). Legacy of the Banner Creek Railroad Station. Available at WSL: I 20.2:B 22.
White House Initiative on American Indian and Alaska Native Education (U.S.),. (2016). More than mascots: A resource guide for ensuring native youth experience safe and welcoming school environments. Available at the Washington State Library: ED 1.8:N21. Order free copies and find a link to a pdf version on the web at: http://bit.ly/2hY9Ioz.
Cameron, Robert S. Armor in Battle: Special Edition for the Armored Force 75th Anniversary. , 2015. Print. Available at WSL: D 101.2:AR 5/105. Available online at: bit.ly
Lowrey, Nathan S. The Chairmanship of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1949-2016. 2016. At WSL: D 5.2C 34/2/2016
U.S. Army Basic Combat Training Museum,. (2016). The birth of Camp Jackson: A collection of photographs, maps and papers documenting the development of Camp Jackson near Columbia, South Carolina. Including a discussion of the need for training camps and soldiers in World War I, the offer presented by the city of Columbia to the Army to help fill that need, the construction of Camp Jackson and the structures built there, the units and people who populated the camp, and the training that converted [the] average American citizens into the world’s greatest soldiers. At WSL: WSL Fed Doc Oversize (Call ahead) OVERRSIZ D 101.2:J 13/2
Nefëdkin, A. K., Bland, R. L., & Shared Beringian Heritage Program (U.S.),. (2014). Warfare of the Chukchi: (mid-17th to early 20th century). Available at WSL: I 29.2:C47
Exeter, Ronald L, Judith Harpel, and David H. Wagner. Rare Bryophytes of Oregon. , 2016. Print. Includes CD-ROM. Available at WSL: I 53.2:B 84
Mazza, Rhonda. “Volcano Ecology: Flourishing on the flanks of Mount St. Helens.” Science Findings, no. 190, Oct. 2016, pp. 1-6. Available at WSL: A 13.66/19:190; also available online at: https://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/sciencef/scifi190.pdf.
Exeter, Ronald L, Charity Glade, and Scot Loring. Rare Lichens of Oregon., 2016. Print. Available at WSL: 53.2:L 61
United States. Federal Trade Commission, issuing body. Identity Theft: a Recovery Plan. 2016. Available at WSL: FT 1.2:ID 2/10; online at: http://bit.ly/2iR4c3A.
The Social Security Administration issues as series of informative publications. Many are written in braille, or are online, or both.
Recent issues include:
Olympic: Olympic National Park, Washington. , 2016. map. Available at WSL: I 29.6:OL 9/3/2016
From the desk of Rand Simmons
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
You probably recognize the quote as the Preamble to the Constitution of the United States. Perhaps you memorized it in school. The Constitution laid out the system of government and the rights of the Americans. The Constitution became law in 1788 when two-thirds of the states ratified it.
There are twenty-seven amendments to the Constitution and the first ten are called the Bill of Rights. They are changes to the Constitution that specify specific freedoms and rights.
Would you believe that today, December 15, 2016 is the 225 anniversary of the Bill of Rights?
How many rights or freedoms named by the Bill of Rights can you name? You can find the answers at Bill of Rights: 1789-91.
Only five men are still alive that experienced the Japanese attack on the USS Arizona at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. All five are in their mid-nineties. One of them, 96-year-old Lauren Bruner, lives in Washington State.
Yesterday all but one gathered in Hawaii to celebrate Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day.
Moments before 8 a.m. on December 7, 1941, the United States was ‘suddenly and deliberately attacked.’ Hundreds of Japanese fighter planes and bombers launched a surprise assault on American soil at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The volley on the U.S. naval base was swift and devastating: 2,403 Americans were killed, and another 1,178 were wounded; American battleships sunk; other ships were irreparably damaged; and almost 200 U.S. aircraft were destroyed.
The next day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to formally declare war against Imperial Japan. It was then that Roosevelt spoke those famous words, proclaiming December 7, 1941 “a date which will live in infamy.” America had finally joined WWII. That momentous week of loss and defiance took place seventy-five years ago this month. (Text from Government Book Talk, Dec. 7, 2015)
Based on data collected by the Veterans Affairs the WWII Veterans Museum in New Orleans estimates that only 620,000 of the 16 million Americans — men and women — who fought in World War II remain alive. They are now in their late 80s and 90s. Many, like my father, who served in the Philippines, have died.
While it is true that the Japanese military planned and carried out the attack on Pearl Harbor many Japanese Americans fought for their country, the United States. A favorite of mine is a small federal publication, When the Akimotos Went to War: An Untold Story of Family, Patriotism, and Sacrifice During World War II. The citation is at the end of this article.
The Government Publishing Office makes available a variety of government publications that reference the historic Pearl Harbor attack. You will find many or these listed in the Washington State Library catalog dating from 1946.
Ching, Shawn. “Last Remaining USS Arizona Survivors Recall Pearl Harbor Attack – Hawaii News Now – KGMB and KHNL.” Home – Hawaii News Now – KGMB and KHNL, www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/33967105/last-remaining-uss-arizona-survivors-recall-pearl-harbor-attack.
Elms, Matthew. When the Akimotos Went to War: An Untold Story of Family, Patriotism, and Sacrifice During World War II. 2015. Available at WSL: Y 3.AM 3:2 AK 5 and online at http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo67846.
Hawkins, Trudy. “‘A Date Which Will Live in Infamy’: Remembering Pearl Harbor.” Government Book Talk | Talking About Some of the Best Publications from the Federal Government, Past and Present, 7 Dec. 2015, govbooktalk.gpo.gov/tag/pearl-harbor/. Accessed 7 Dec. 2016.
Milko, Chelsea. “Pearl Harbor at 75 & Three Pacific Battles That Shaped WWII.” Government Book Talk, 6 Dec. 2016, govbooktalk.gpo.gov/2016/12/06/pearl-harbor-at-75-three-pacific-battles-that-shaped-wwii/. Accessed 7 Dec. 2016.
Shute, Megan. “14 Rare Photos From The Attack On Pearl Harbor.” OnlyInYourState, www.onlyinyourstate.com/hawaii/pearl-harbor-hawaii/.
Each year December 1 is designated World AIDS Day. Beginning in 1988 World AIDS Day has raised awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection. AIDS.gov reports there are 36.7 million individuals worldwide living with HIV/AIDS. 1.8 million are children who were infected by their HIV mothers during pregnancy, child birth or breast feeding. By far the majority of individuals who have HIV/AIDS live in low- to middle-income countries.
In addition to AIDS.gov, part of the Department of Health and Human Services, nine other units of federal government address HIV/AIDS. The
President’s National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS) identifies six lead agencies charged to implement the strategy. Watch President Obama: Updated National HIV AIDS Strategy.
Federal funding for HIV/AIDS in FY 2016 was $27,465,300 based on a report by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.
Learn more about HIV/AIDS. You can find federal resources at https://www.aids.gov/federal-resources/. Or ask you Federal Depository Library staff, like us. We serve as the Regional
Federal Depository Library for the states of Washington and Alaska. We want to help you so please contact us.
Locate your nearest Federal Depository Library.
November 22nd, 2016 Rand Simmons Posted in Articles, Federal and State Publications, For Libraries, For the Public, Tribal Comments Off on Government resources for the Washington State tribal libraries – Celebrating Native American Heritage Month
Official multi-topic portal to U.S. government information, linking to various federal government agencies and commissions.
“Indian Tribes and Resources for Native Americans | USAGov https://www.usa.gov/tribes.
A gateway to resources about Federally Recognized Indian Tribes; Cultural Resources for Native Americans including historic preservation, and archeology; Housing help; Legal resources including laws, crime prevention, and money and laws.
GobiernoUSA.Gov in Spanish http://gobierno.usa.gov/.
FDsys is GPO’s Federal Digital System. Provides free online access to official federal government publications.
Catalog of U.S. Government Publications http://catalog.gpo.gov/.
CGP is GPO’s finding tool for federal publications.
Retrieve reports, articles, and citations by simultaneously searching across multiple federal government databases.
Government Information for Kids, Parents and Teachers. This information can also be found through USA.gov. Kids.gov has a fun interface that will appeal to kids.
Ben’s Guide to the U.S. Government. http://bensguide.gpo.gov/.
Teaches kids from kindergarten through 12th grade about the federal government.
WorldCat.org: The World’s Largest Library Catalog. http://www.worldcat.org/.
Find publications (all formats) in libraries all over the world.
“Search the Library Catalog – Washington State Library – WA Secretary of State https://www.sos.wa.gov/library/catalog.aspx.
Note: Don’t assume that because a publication is not listed in WSL’s catalog or listed as one of our holdings in WorldCat that WSL does not own it. Like most federal depository libraries WSL does not have every item cataloged or inventoried. Regional libraries should have “everything.” So, call and ask if we have the publication even though it is not listed in the catalog.
Many academic and research libraries publish “libguides.” These “library guides” are created using the Libguides software from Springshare. To find libguides I do a simple search such as libguides “American Indians” or libguides “American Indians” health care.
If you can locate a libguide or other resource guide on a given topic it may help you identify major resources, related topics, and other search terms. Libguides are great springboards to finding resources.
Here are examples of resource guides:
Government Documents – Native American Studies Research Guide – LibGuides at Michigan State University Libraries. http://libguides.lib.msu.edu/c.php?g=95603&p=624350.
Indian & Tribal Law Research — Gallagher Law Library.Gallagher Law Library, Univ. of Wash. School of Law.https://lib.law.washington.edu/content/guides/indian.
Indian Law Research Guide, National Indian Law Library, Native American Rights Fund (NARF).Native American Rights Fund (NARF): Nonprofit Indian Law Firm: Native American Rights Fund. http://www.narf.org/nill/resources/index.html.)
Native American Law – Research Guides at Washington State Law Library. Research Guides at Washington State Law Library. http://courts.wa.libguides.com/nativeamericanlaw.
This guide points to online and print library materials covering many areas of Native American law. Treaties, constitutions, codes and topical resources are included, as well as database help. Note: the beginning page includes ways to reach a librarian for assistance: phone, Ask a Librarian, live chat, email.
Native Americans – Government Sources by Subject – Library Guides at University of Washington Libraries. http://guides.lib.uw.edu/research/govpubs-quick-links?p=2304215.
Tribal Codes – American Indian Law – LibGuides at Gonzaga University School of Law. http://libguides.law.gonzaga.edu/c.php?g=302056&p=2014506.
Federal Websites For/About Native Americans – OK Dept. of Libraries. http://libraries.ok.gov/us-gov/native-fed
Useful guide to federal resources with information on Native Americans.
Internet Archive: Wayback Machine Internet Archive: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music & Wayback Machine. http://archive.org/web/.
Under Construction A Directory of Data on American Indians and Alaska Natives Available for Research Internet Archive: Wayback Machine. http://bit.ly/2bigH4r.
List of Federally Recognized Tribes Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_federally_recognized_tribes.
List of Unrecognized Tribes in the United States” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_unrecognized_tribes_in_the_United_States.
Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1978. Print. WSL has most volumes (missing v.1 and v.16 of the 17 volumes). SuDoc: SI 1.20/2: vol.no.
An encyclopedia summarizing knowledge about all Native peoples north of Mesoamerica, including cultures, languages, history, prehistory, and human biology, is a standard reference work for anthropologists, historians, students, and the general reader. (Smithsonian) Many of the volumes are available through the Government Publishing Office although some are out of print. See http://anthropology.si.edu/handbook.htm.
TOP 50 QUESTIONS ABOUT AMERICAN INDIAN TRIBES Frequently Asked Questions Native Americans California Indian Education Calie Educational Tribal Website of Calif Native American Indians Families Reservation and Urban Communities of North America USA Southern CA. http://www.californiaindianeducation.org/tribes/faq/.
Tribal Genealogy Research for Native American Indians How to Trace Indian Ancestry and Get Enrolled in Indian Tribes Kumeyaay Information Village Website Educational & Cultural Resources about Native American Indian Southern California Tribes. http://www.kumeyaay.info/california_indian_peoples/native_american_genealogy.html.
Washington State Tribal Directory Governor’s Office of Indian Affairs.http://goia.wa.gov/Tribal-Directory/TribalDirectory.pdf.
American Indians of the Pacific Northwest Collection University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections. http://content.lib.washington.edu/aipnw/index.html.
Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Washington: G.P.O, 1895-1964. At WSL: SI 2.1 check the catalog.
Some volumes are cataloged separately. Some volumes are on microfiche.
Anthropological Papers. Washington: U.S. G.P.O, 1938-1966. Print. Some volumes available at WSL, SuDoc Number is SI 2.3:.
Bulletins. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletins. Washington: Gov. Print. Office, 1907. Print. Available at WSL, SuDoc Number is SI 2.3:. Volumes are cataloged individually. Examples:
The native brotherhoods: modern intertribal organizations of the Northwest coast. SI 2.3: no.168.
Index to Schoolcraft’s “Indian tribes of the United States” SI 2.3:152.
Nootka and Quileute music. SI 2.3:no124 in print and microfiche.
Chinook: an illustrative sketch. Rare SI 2.3:40/ pt.1.
Kathlamet texts. SI 2.3: no.26 in print and microfiche; also online at https://archive.org/details/kathlamettexts01boas.
Note: Some series will publish lists or indexes that will help identify individual publications such as: Bulletin 200: List of Publications of the American Bureau of Ethnology, with Index to Authors and Titles. , 1971. Print. Available at WSL: SI 2.3:200; also online at http://bit.ly/2gkWj8C.
Dobkins, Rebecca J., author. Cultural Plant Harvests on Federal Lands: Perspectives from Members of the Northwest Native American Basketweavers Association. United States Department of Agriculture, 2016. Print. Available at WSL! SuDoc No. A 13.78:PNW-RP-608.
American FactFinder. American FactFinder. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.
Population, housing, economic and geographic data.
Indian Country in Judicial Districts. https://www.fbi.gov/file-repository/indian-country-in-judicial-districts.pdf/view.
FBI — Uniform Crime Reporting http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/ucr.
FBI Uniform crime statistics for the nation.
FedStats – Your Window Into U.S. Federal Statistics. https://fedstats.sites.usa.gov/.
Portal to federal statistics by state, agency, and topic area.
Health Check Tools: MedlinePlus National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/healthchecktools.html.
Find a variety of calculators, quizzes, and assessment tools presented in an A to Z list of topics.
Healthfinder.gov Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion http://healthfinder.gov/.
Find health information from government and nonprofit sources, including calculators to help with assessing and tracking health and fitness.
Statistical Abstracts Series http://bit.ly/2aN9qJ4 .
National database of social and economic conditions in U.S. Published from 1878 to 2012.
United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/.
U.S. Census Bureau information on population and the economy.
VitalStats Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/VitalStats.htm.
Find national birth and mortality statistics from the Centers for Disease Control.
Environmental Protection in Indian Country | US EPA US Environmental Protection Agency. https://www.epa.gov/tribal.
Federal Caucus – Ten Federal Agencies Working for Endangered Salmon and Steelhead in the Columbia River Basin. http://www.salmonrecovery.gov/.
Columbia River Basin Federal Caucus information about what the federal agencies and their partners are doing to restore habitat, improve hatcheries, manage predators and improve dam passage for Columbia Basin fish.
National Weather Service – Western Region Headquarters. http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/.
Weather forecasts for the Western United States.
Window to My Environment Environmental Health Risk Assessment. http://serc.carleton.edu/research_education/healthrisk/window.html.
Environmental Protection Agency’s federal, state, and local information about environmental conditions and features in an area of your choice.
C-SPAN.org | National Politics | History | Nonfiction Books C-SPAN.org http://www.c-spanvideo.org/videoLibrary/.
Find all C-SPAN footage of Congressional and Presidential events from 1987 forward — television, radio and video.
Federal Register. http://www.federalregister.gov/.
Provides access to the official text of federal regulatory material, federal laws, and presidential documents.
Code of Federal Regulations., 1938.
Check with a depository library if you want to use the CFR in print. Go to this link to see which volumes are online: https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?collectionCode=CFR.
Search and browse Federal Register entries with this user-friendly interface.
Native One Stop Welcome to Native One Stop | Native One Stop. http://www.nativeonestop.gov/content/overview.
NativeOneStop.gov was launched in an effort to provide American Indians and Alaska Natives with easy, online access to Federal resources and programs. It is a partnership of many Federal agencies and organizations with a shared vision – to provide improved, personalized access to Federal resources and programs.
“Presidents of the United States (POTUS) Ipl2: Information You Can Trust. http://www.ipl.org/div/potus/.
Presidents USA. http://www.presidentsusa.net/. Resource guide to U.S. Presidents.
Whitehouse.gov. http://www.whitehouse.gov/. President, news, history and tours.
Congress.gov | Library of Congress. https://www.congress.gov/.
Replaced Thomas on July 5, 2016.
“Federal Legislative History Research: A Practitioner’s Guide to Compiling … Legislative Intent LLSDC Home. http://www.llsdc.org/federal-legislative-history-guide.
Use this comprehensive guide from the Law Librarians’ Society of Washington, D.C. to conduct legislative history research.
“Serial Set Links: U.S. Congressional Documents American Memory from the Library of Congress. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwsslink.html.
Serial Set. Selected documents and reports.
“Statutes at Large Home Page: U.S. Congressional Documents American Memory from the Library of Congress. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwsl.html.
U.S. Laws and Resolutions, online 1789-1875. The official compilation of the laws of each session of Congress (Library of Congress). Contact your federal depository library for assistance in finding other years.
“United States Code U.S. Government Publishing Office. https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionUScode.action?collectionCode=USCODE.
“The Code is a consolidation and codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States” (Office of the Law Revision Counsel). It provides access to the U.S. Code. Code is available in PDF and Text. If you wish to use the Code at the State Library please call ahead so that we can have the volumes reading when you arrive.
The United States House of Representatives · House.gov. http://www.house.gov/.
House news, committee and floor schedules, legislative information.
The United States Senate – Senate.gov. http://www.senate.gov/.
Senate news, committee and floor schedules, tours.
“Washington State Legislature District finder. http://app.leg.wa.gov/DistrictFinder/.
Set district type to congressional and find your U.S. senators and representatives. Provides links to congressional member websites.
“Court Websites Links United State Courts. http://bit.ly/2bmh4wt.
Listed by U.S. Region.
“Constitution Annotated Congress.gov | Library of Congress. https://www.congress.gov/constitution-annotated/.
Annotated Analysis and Interpretation.
Literal Prints – Constitution of the United States http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-CONAN-REV-2014/pdf/GPO-CONAN-REV-2014-6.pdf.
Amendments to the Constitution http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-CONAN-REV-2014/pdf/GPO-CONAN-REV-2014-6.pdf.
Supreme Court of the United States. https://www.supremecourt.gov/.
United States Courts. http://www.uscourts.gov/.
United States Reports: Cases Adjudged in the Supreme Court. Washington: Govt. Print. Off, 1754. Print.
Print volumes at the Washington State Law Library. For online, full-text volumes see
“National Indian Law Library (NILL) of the Native American Rights Fund Native American Rights Fund (NARF): Nonprofit Indian Law Firm: Native American Rights Fund. http://www.narf.org/nill/.
Public law library devoted to federal Indian and tribal law. Also blog at nilllibrary.blogspot.com.
“Benefits and Service U.S. Department of the Interior. https://www.doi.gov/tribes/benefits.
“Division of Diabetes – Programs – Special Diabetes Program for Indians (SDPI) Indian Health Service (IHS). https://www.ihs.gov/MedicalPrograms/Diabetes/index.cfm?module=programsSDPI.
“Health Topics – Eating Healthy and Nutrition American Indian Health. https://americanindianhealth.nlm.nih.gov/eating.html.
National Library of Medicine. An information portal to issues affecting the health and well being of American Indians.
MedlinePlus – Health Information from the National Library of Medicine. http://medlineplus.gov/.
Health information from the National Library of Medicine.
“PubMed – NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=pubmed.
Access to over 12 million medical citations. Some full text.
Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, for the Year. Washington, D.C: G.P.O, 1868- . Print. At WSL: I 20.1: vol. 872-898.
Annual Reports of the Secretary of War. Washington, D.C.: G.P.O, 18uu- . At WSL: W 1.1:.
“Public and Indian Housing / Equal Opportunity/U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HUD/U.S. http://bit.ly/2bgGXkq .
“Northwest ONAP (NWONAP) – HUD HUD/U.S. http://bit.ly/2bdvodc.
“A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873 American Memory from the Library of Congress.
Links to Statutes at Large, 1789-1875, volumes 1 to 18. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwsllink.html. Volumes 7, 9-16 include treaties. Click on the appropriate treaty link within a volume to find page numbers.
“American Indian Publication – Department of Justice Search Results U.S. Department of Justice. http://bit.ly/2bgNQAq.
American Indian Treaties Portal. http://treatiesportal.unl.edu/.
“FDsys – Browse USCODE U.S. Government Publishing Office. https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionUScode.action?collectionCode=USCODE.
Provides access to the U.S. Code. Code is available in PDF and Text.
“Indigenous Law Portal | Law Library of Congress Home | Library of Congress. http://bit.ly/2aTtZD4.
“Indigenous Law Portal: Pacific Northwest | Law Library of Congress Home | Library of Congress. http://bit.ly/2b9YKop.
“Tribal Court Clearinghouse Tribal Court Clearinghouse. http://www.tribal-institute.org/index.htm.
Tribal law, Federal law, State law, topics, program resources, native resources.
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